nbdkit for loopback pt 5: 8 exabyte btrfs filesystem

Thanks Chris Murphy for noting that btrfs can create and mount 8 EB (approx 263 byte) filesystems effortlessly:

$ nbdkit -fv memory size=$(( 2**63-1 ))
# modprobe nbd
# nbd-client -b 512 localhost /dev/nbd0
# blockdev --getss /dev/nbd0
# gdisk /dev/nbd0
Number  Start (sector)    End (sector)  Size       Code  Name
   1            2048  18014398509481948   8.0 EiB     8300  Linux filesystem
# mkfs.btrfs -K /dev/nbd0p1
btrfs-progs v4.16
See http://btrfs.wiki.kernel.org for more information.

Detected a SSD, turning off metadata duplication.  Mkfs with -m dup if you want to force metadata duplication.
Label:              (null)
UUID:               770e5592-9055-4551-8416-b6376802a2ad
Node size:          16384
Sector size:        4096
Filesystem size:    8.00EiB
Block group profiles:
  Data:             single            8.00MiB
  Metadata:         single            8.00MiB
  System:           single            4.00MiB
SSD detected:       yes
Incompat features:  extref, skinny-metadata
Number of devices:  1
   ID        SIZE  PATH
    1     8.00EiB  /dev/nbd0p1

# mount /dev/nbd0p1 /tmp/mnt
# df -h /tmp/mnt
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/nbd0p1     8.0E   17M  8.0E   1% /tmp/mnt

I created a few files in there and it all seemed to work although I didn’t do any extensive testing. Good job btrfs!



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3 responses to “nbdkit for loopback pt 5: 8 exabyte btrfs filesystem

  1. Chris Murphy

    You can also mount -o compress=zstd to get read-write mounted compressed file systems, just tested this. Soon we’ll have a compression level switch for zstd, like for zlib in recent kernels. Separately compressing with zstd (or xz) does do a better job because everything including fs metadata is compressed, whereas doing it with Btrfs compression support only compresses data extents. Also, Btrfs tends to give up easily and not compress some extents, unless using compress-force= option. But yeah, might be one way to gain some compression savings without adding extra layers.

  2. Pingback: nbdkit for loopback pt 6: giant file-backed disks for testing | Richard WM Jones

  3. Pingback: Compressed RAM disks | Richard WM Jones

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